Archive for the ‘computing’ category

May 29, 2023

Data centres ‘crucial’ to making megacities thrive

Posted by in category: computing

The benefits of smart cities will only be realised when digital infrastructures can cope, says Neil Cresswell, VIRTUS Data Centres. What’s the role of next-generation data centres?

May 28, 2023

Study presents a new, highly efficient converter of quantum information carriers

Posted by in categories: computing, particle physics, quantum physics

Light is a key carrier of information. It enables high-speed data transmission around the world via fiber-optic telecommunication networks. This information-carrying capability can be extended to transmitting quantum information by encoding it in single particles of light (photons).

“To efficiently load single photons into processing devices, they must have specific properties: the right central wavelength or frequency, a suitable duration, and the right spectrum,” explains Dr. Michał Karpinski, head of the Quantum Photonics Laboratory at the Faculty of Physics of the University of Warsaw, and an author of the paper published in Nature Photonics.

Researchers around the globe are building prototypes of quantum computers using a variety of techniques, including trapped ions, , superconducting electric circuits, and ultracold atomic clouds. These quantum information processing platforms operate on a variety of time scales, from picoseconds through nanoseconds to even microseconds.

May 28, 2023

Quantum computing and the IT gap

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

Quantum computing – “Youre gonna need a smarter IT team…”

Quantum computing is expected to become a functioning reality in the next seven years. • The IT sector already has a skills gap. • Quantum computing is likely to add new skills to the shortage.

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May 28, 2023

Team successfully demonstrates laser-induced monolayer graphene nanoprocessing

Posted by in categories: computing, nanotechnology

Discovered in 2004, graphene has revolutionized various scientific fields. It possesses remarkable properties like high electron mobility, mechanical strength, and thermal conductivity. Extensive time and effort has been invested in exploring its potential as a next-generation semiconductor material, leading to the development of graphene-based transistors, transparent electrodes, and sensors.

But to render these devices into practical application, it’s crucial to have efficient processing techniques that can structure films at micrometer and nanometer scale. Typically, micro/nanoscale material processing and device manufacturing employ nanolithography and focused ion beam methods. However, these have posed longstanding challenges for laboratory researchers due to their need for large-scale equipment, lengthy manufacturing times, and complex operations.

In January 2023, Tohoku University researchers created a technique that could micro/nanofabricate silicon nitride devices with thicknesses ranging from five to 50 nanometers. The method employed a femtosecond laser, which emitted extremely short, rapid pulses of light. It turned out to be capable of quickly and conveniently processing thin materials without a vacuum environment.

May 28, 2023

Unlocking the Secret Nanostructures of Magnetic Materials With the Right Illumination

Posted by in categories: chemistry, computing, nanotechnology

Researchers from the Max Born Institute in Berlin have successfully performed X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (XMCD) experiments in a laser laboratory for the first time.

Unlocking the secrets of magnetic materials requires the right illumination. Magnetic x-ray circular dichroism makes it possible to decode magnetic order in nanostructures and to assign it to different layers or chemical elements. Researchers at the Max Born Institute in Berlin have succeeded in implementing this unique measurement technique in the soft-x-ray range in a laser laboratory. With this development, many technologically relevant questions can now be investigated outside of scientific large-scale facilities for the first time.

Magnetic nanostructures have long been part of our everyday life, e.g., in the form of fast and compact data storage devices or highly sensitive sensors. A major contribution to the understanding of many of the relevant magnetic effects and functionalities is made by a special measurement method: X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism (XMCD).

May 28, 2023

Penn State researchers create first protein-based nano-computing agent

Posted by in categories: bioengineering, biotech/medical, computing, nanotechnology

The first protein-based nano-computing agent that functions as a circuit has been created by Penn State researchers. The milestone puts them one step closer to developing next-generation cell-based therapies to treat diseases like diabetes and cancer.

Traditional synthetic biology approaches for cell-based therapies, such as ones that destroy cancer cells or encourage tissue regeneration after injury, rely on the expression or suppression of proteins that produce a desired action within a cell. This approach can take time (for proteins to be expressed and degrade) and cost cellular energy in the process. A team of Penn State College of Medicine and Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences researchers are taking a different approach.

“We’re engineering proteins that directly produce a desired action,” said Nikolay Dokholyan, G. Thomas Passananti Professor and vice chair for research in the Department of Pharmacology. “Our protein-based devices or nano-computing agents respond directly to stimuli (inputs) and then produce a desired action (outputs).”

May 28, 2023

A platform for quantum computing

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

Nature Electronics volume 6, page 337 (2023) Cite this article.

May 28, 2023

Forging a dream material with semiconductor quantum dots

Posted by in categories: biological, computing, quantum physics, solar power, sustainability

Researchers from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science and collaborators have succeeded in creating a “superlattice” of semiconductor quantum dots that can behave like a metal, potentially imparting exciting new properties to this popular class of materials.

Semiconducting colloidal quantum dots have garnered tremendous research interest due to their special optical properties, which arise from the quantum confinement effect. They are used in , where they can improve the efficiency of energy conversion, biological imaging, where they can be used as fluorescent probes, , and even , where their ability to trap and manipulate individual electrons can be exploited.

However, getting to efficiently conduct electricity has been a major challenge, impeding their full use. This is primarily due to their lack of orientational order in assemblies. According to Satria Zulkarnaen Bisri, lead researcher on the project, “making them metallic would enable, for example, quantum dot displays that are brighter yet use less energy than current devices.”

May 28, 2023

Chip-based quantum key distribution achieves higher transmission speeds

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics, security

Researchers have developed a quantum key distribution (QKD) system based on integrated photonics that can transmit secure keys at unprecedented speeds. The proof-of-principle experiments represent an important step toward real-world application of this highly secure communication method.

QKD is a well-established method of providing secret keys for secure communication between distant parties. By using the quantum properties of light to generate secure random keys for encrypting and decrypting data, its security is based on the laws of physics, rather than computational complexity like today’s communication protocols.

“A key goal for QKD technology is the ability to simply integrate it into a real-world communications network,” said research team member Rebecka Sax from the University of Geneva in Switzerland. “An important and necessary step toward this goal is the use of integrated photonics, which allows to be manufactured using the same semiconductor technology used to make silicon computer chips.”

May 28, 2023

Commercializing quantum computers step by step

Posted by in categories: computing, quantum physics

Alongside developing a quantum computer, one group of scientists is selling its components to other researchers.

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